THE  MACRO-COMPARATIVE  JOURNAL

 

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Volume 1  No. 1

 

November 2010

 

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CONTENTS

 

 

EDITORIAL NEWS

 

The Macro-Comparative Journal is launched!

 

 

ARTICLES

 

The Current Status of Nostratic Studies

Allan R. Bomhard

 

Abstract: The article is an up-to-date introduction to Nostratic, as reconstructed by Allan Bomhard. It comprises an historical introduction, a phonological survey of Nostratic and of the daughter languages, a presentation of sound correspondences and the morphology of Proto-Nostratic. Bomhard's approach is also compared with that of Dolgopolsky.

 

The Outcome of Afrasian Guttural Proto-Phonemes in Berber

Arnaud Fournet

 

Abstract: Current approaches of Afrasian hold pharyngeals and laryngeals to have muted out in Berber. The article shows that pharyngeal phonemes have in fact become palatalized into *s/z and *š/ž in this group of languages. They have not disappeared but have changed their place of articulation. There exists a significant number of examples of these phonetic correspondences which ultimately support the cognacy of Berber with Semitic and therefore with the Afrasian in general. The hypothesis of a phonetic change: pharyngeal > palatal explains many phonological and morphological features of Berber languages.

 

Kartvelian and the Issue of Glottalization in Nostratic

Arnaud Fournet

 

Abstract: The article deals with the issue of glottalization in Nostratic with a special focus on Kartvelian. Several hypotheses of sound correspondences are tested between Kartvelian and Proto-Indo-European. It is concluded that Kartvelian glottalization is not inherited but is probably a feature originally of prosodic nature. Pre-Proto-Kartvelian only had a distinction between voiced and voiceless phonemes.

 

COMMENTS

 

Comment on: Fournet, A. 2010. Review of: Bomhard, Allan R. 2008. Reconstructing Proto-Nostratic, Comparative Phonology, Morphology, and Vocabulary. Volumes 1 (xxi, 875pp) & 2 (976pp). Leiden, Boston: Brill.

Allan R. Bomhard

 

REVIEWS

 

Bomhard, Allan R. 2008. Reconstructing Proto-Nostratic, Comparative Phonology, Morphology, and Vocabulary. Volumes 1 (xxi, 875pp) & 2 (976pp). Leiden, Boston: Brill.

Arnaud Fournet

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

 

A Dictionary of Proto-Indo-European with Hurrian Comparative Indications. Part I: Graphemes *b and *bh

Arnaud Fournet