Thematic issue  No. 2


December 2012








The Thematic Issue No. 2 of The Macro-Comparative Journal is dedicated to the lexical and cultural interactions of the languages of Ancient Anatolia with Greece and Egypt.




 The theonym RA in Carian inscriptions in Abydos  

Arnaud Fournet


Abstract: The paper examines a number of Carian inscriptions found in the Temple of Abydos. It is shown that they contain the theonym RA, a feature that has been overlooked so far and has some bearing on the issue of deciphering and reading Carian. 


 Revisiting Keftiu material written in Egyptian hieroglyphs

Arnaud Fournet


Abstract: The paper examines the lexical material belonging to the language that ancient Egyptians called <Ka-f-ti-u> *[kaftiu]. There remain one inscription in the London Medical Papyrus and a set of Egyptian school exercises supposedly designed to write Kafti words. The paper proposes to interpret Kafti as a Hurrian dialect. The alleged location, the testimonies in Egyptian hieroglyphs, the etymology of Kafti, the depiction of clothes, shoes and hairdress, all agree with the Hurrian connection of Kafti. The location of Kafti in Crete is mostly pegged on the phonetic similarity of Kafti with Caphtor. This equation is quite certainly erroneous. Kafti is preferably located around Cilicia.


 Ἐνυάλιος ἀνδρεϊϕοντης, Poetical code-switching between Hurrian and Greek

Arnaud Fournet


Abstract: The paper first examines the occurrences of the theonym Ἐνυάλιος in Homer's Iliad, focusing on the formula Ἐνυάλιος ἀνδρεϊϕόντης ‘the manslaying god Enualios’. It has already been noticed that some parts of Hesiod's Theogony are highly reminiscent of Hurrian mythology. The paper goes one step further and proposes to etymologize the theonym Enu[w]alios itself as a Hurrian compound of the name eni ‘god’ with the verb uw- ‘to kill, slay’, which both exist in Hurrian. Two other compound theonyms En-hazizi and En-umašši show the same structure as Enuwalios.