Volume 2  No. 1


June 2011








The Macro-Comparative Journal goes on!




Beyond Glottalic (Pre-)PIE and toward deep Nostratic

Arnaud Fournet


Abstract: The system of features embedded in the sound correspondences of traditional PIE is well-known to be disturbingly unusual, not to say typologically unacceptable, when compared with the evidence of real systems documented throughout the world. One hypothesis is to rearrange the apparent features: voiceless, voiced and voiced aspirate, as standing for an underlying system with respectively: voiceless, glottalized, voiced features. This is known as the Glottalic Theory of PIE. Another oddity of traditional PIE is the gaps in the attested root structures. Not all combinations seem to be possible. Some of them are close to nonexistent. The article proposes to integrate the sound correspondences and permissible root constraints into a model of (deep) Pre-PIE with only two series: voiceless and glottalic. Voice can be shown to have only allophonic value in Pre-PIE.


About the ethnolinguistics of Gaulish people: the case for a Kartic substrate

Arnaud Fournet


Abstract: The paper investigates a set of words with unclear etymologies that can be found in either Latin or Romance languages. It is shown that they display a particular set of sound correspondences different from Celtic proper. This raises the issue of more than one language or people in the ethnolinguistic make-up of so-called “Gaulish” people. The substrate documented in the paper is called Kartic, which is the regular equivalent of the word Celtic in that language.


The Kassite Language In a Comparative Perspective with Hurrian and Urartian

Arnaud Fournet


Abstract: The Kassites were an ancient people of the Near East. They conquered and ruled Babylonia from the 16th to the middle of the 12th century BCE. It is shown that Kassite has very strong structural and lexical similarities with Hurrian and Urartean.




Comment on: [Author et al]. 2010. [...] Indo-European language evolution. [xxxx].

Arnaud Fournet




Kari, James and Potter, Ben A. (Eds.). The Dene-Yeniseian Connection (APUA5). 2010. Fairbanks: Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska.

Arnaud Fournet





A Dictionary of Proto-Indo-European with Hurrian Comparative Indications. Part II: *H3

Arnaud Fournet





Talageri, Shrikant G. 2008. The Rig-Veda and the Avesta, The final evidence.

New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan. (

Arnaud Fournet